Tuesday, April 30, 2013

1304.7418 (Kazuhiro Sano et al.)

Anomalous Flux Quantization in the Spin-Imbalanced Attractive Hubbard

Kazuhiro Sano, Yoshiaki Ono
We investigate the one-dimensional Hubbard ring with attractive interaction in the presence of imbalanced spin populations by using the exact diagonalization method. The singlet pairing correlation function is found to show spatial oscillations with power-law decay as expected in the Fulde-Ferrell-Larkin-Ovchinnikov state of a Tomonaga-Luttinger liquid. In the strong coupling regime, the system shows an anomalous flux quantization of period h=4e, half of the superconducting flux quantum of h=2e, as recently predicted by mean-field analysis, together with various flux quanta smaller than h=4e. Notably, the observed flux quanta are determined by the difference between the system size NL and electron number N_e as h=(N_L-N_e)e.
View original: http://arxiv.org/abs/1304.7418

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