Tuesday, June 11, 2013

1306.2001 (Huan Yang et al.)

In-Gap Quasiparticle Excitations Induced by Non-Magnetic Cu Impurities
in Na(Fe0.96Co0.03Cu0.01)As Revealed by Scanning Tunneling Spectroscopy

Huan Yang, Zhenyu Wang, Delong Fang, Qiang Deng, Qiang-Hua Wang, Yuan-Yuan Xiang, Yang Yang, Hai-Hu Wen
The pairing mechanism in the iron pnictides remains unresolved yet. One of the central issues is the structure of the superconducting order parameter which classifies the community into two different and highly disputed camps. On one hand the picture of pairing based on the magnetic origin predicts a sign reversal gap on the electron and hole Fermi pockets, leading to the S+- pairing. On the other hand, a more conventional S++ pairing gap was suggested based on the phonon or orbital fluctuation mediated pairing. In the superconducting state, the impurities may generate a unique pattern of local density of states in space and energy, which are regarded as the fingerprints for checking the structure of the pairing gap. In this study, we successfully identified the non-magnetic and magnetic impurities in Na(Fe0.97-xCo0.03Tx)As (T=Cu, Mn) and investigated the spatial resolved scanning tunneling spectroscopy. We present clear evidence of the in-gap quasiparticle states induced by the nonmagnetic Cu impurities, giving decisive evidence of the S+- pairing. This is corroborated by the consistency between the experimental data and the first-principles calculations based on the S+- pairing gap with a scalar scattering potential.
View original: http://arxiv.org/abs/1306.2001

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