Monday, June 24, 2013

1306.5182 (Bayrammurad Saparov et al.)

Crystal, magnetic, and electronic structures, and properties of new
BaMnPnF (Pn = As, Sb, Bi)

Bayrammurad Saparov, David J. Singh, V. Ovidiu Garlea, Athena S. Sefat
New fluoropnictides BaMnPnF with Pn = As, Sb, Bi, are synthesized by stoichiometric reaction of elements with BaF\_2. The compounds crystallize in the tetragonal P4/nmm (No. 129, Z = 2) space group, with the ZrCuSiAs-type structure, as indicated by single crystal and powder X-ray diffraction results. Electrical resistivity results indicate that Pn = As, Sb, and Bi are semiconductors with band gaps of E\_g = 0.73 eV, E\_g = 0.48 eV and E\_g = 0.003 eV, respectively. Powder neutron diffraction reveals a G-type antiferromagnetic order below T\_N = 338(1) K for Pn = As, and below T\_N = 272(1) K for Pn = Sb. Magnetic susceptibility increases with temperature above 100 K for all the materials. Density functional calculations also find semiconducting antiferromagnetic compounds with strong in-plane and weaker out-of-plane exchange coupling that may result in non-Curie Weiss behavior above T\_N. There is strong covalency between Mn and pnictogen elements. The ordered magnetic moments are 3.65(5) {\mu}B/Mn for Pn = As, and 3.66(3) {\mu}B/Mn for Pn = Sb at 4 K, as refined from neutron diffraction experiments.
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