Thursday, June 27, 2013

1306.6149 (Partha Goswami et al.)

On d+id density wave and superconducting orderings in hole-doped

Partha Goswami, Ajay Pratap Singh Gahlot, Pankaj Singh
The Chiral d-density wave (CDDW) order, at the anti-ferromagnetic wave vector (pi,pi), is assumed to represent the pseudo-gap (PG) state of a hole-doped cuprate superconductor. The pairing interaction required for the PG phase corresponds to a repulsive interaction of Coulombic origin. The d-wave superconductivity (DSC), driven by an appropriate assumed attractive interaction, is discussed within the mean-field framework together with the CDDW ordering. The single-particle excitation spectrum in the CDDW and DSC state is characterized by the Bogolubov quasi-particle bands-a characteristic feature of SC state. The coupled gap equations are solved self-consistently together with the equation to determine the chemical potential. With the pinning of the van Hove-singularities close to the chemical potential, one is able to calculate the thermodynamic and transport properties of the under-doped cuprates in a consistent manner. The electronic specific heat displays non-Fermi liquid feature in the CDDW state. The CDDW and DSC are found to represent two competing orders as the former brings about a depletion of the spectral weight (and Raman response function density) available for pairing in the anti-nodal region of momentum space.This is not in agreement with a preformed pairing scenario and justifies the different structures we have assumed for the pseudo-gap and the superconducting gap. Furthermore, these gaps in the excitation spectrum do not merge into a single quadrature gap. It is also shown that the depletion of the spectral weight below Tc at energies larger than the gap amplitude occurs. This is an indication of the strong-coupling superconductivity in cuprates. The calculation of the ratio of the quasi-particle thermal conductivity and temperature in the superconductiong phase is found to be constant in the limit of near-zero quasi-particle scattering rate.
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