Wednesday, July 3, 2013

1307.0106 (D. Stornaiuolo et al.)

Resolving the effects of frequency dependent damping and quantum phase
diffusion in YBa$_2$Cu$_3$O$_{7-x}$ Josephson junctions

D. Stornaiuolo, G. Rotoli, D. Massarotti, F. Carillo, L. Longobardi, F. Beltram, F. Tafuri
We report on the study of the phase dynamics of high critical temperature superconductor Josephson junctions. We realized YBa$_2$Cu$_3$O$_{7-x}$ (YBCO) grain boundary (GB) biepitaxial junctions in the submicron scale, using low loss substrates, and analyzed their dissipation by comparing the transport measurements with Monte Carlo simulations. The behavior of the junctions can be fitted using a model based on two quality factors, which results in a frequency dependent damping. Moreover, our devices can be designed to have Josephson energy of the order of the Coulomb energy. In this unusual energy range, phase delocalization strongly influences the device's dynamics, promoting the transition to a quantum phase diffusion regime. We study the signatures of such a transition by combining the outcomes of Monte Carlo simulations with the analysis of the device's parameters, the critical current and the temperature behavior of the low voltage resistance $R_0$.
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