## Inducing time reversal invariant topological superconductivity and fermion parity pumping in quantum wires    [PDF]

Anna Keselman, Liang Fu, Ady Stern, Erez Berg
We propose a setup to realize time-reversal invariant topological superconductors in quantum wires, proximity coupled to conventional superconductors. We consider a model of quantum wire with strong spin-orbit coupling and proximity coupling to two s-wave superconductors. When the relative phase between the two superconductors is $\phi=\pi$ a Kramers' pair of Majorana zero modes appears at each edge of the wire. We study the robustness of the phase in presence of both time-reversal invariant and time-reversal breaking perturbations. In addition, we show that the system forms a natural realization of a fermion parity pump, switching the local fermion parity of both edges when the relative phase between the superconductors is changed adiabatically by $2\pi$.
View original: http://arxiv.org/abs/1305.4948