Monday, July 15, 2013

1307.3408 (D. Watanabe et al.)

Superconducting gap with sign reversal between hole pockets in heavily
hole-doped Ba1-xKxFe2As2

D. Watanabe, T. Yamashita, Y. Kawamoto, S. Kurata, Y. Mizukami, T. Ohta, S. Kasahara, M. Yamashita, T. Saito, H. Fukazawa, Y. Kohori, S. Ishida, K. Kihou, C. H. Lee, A. Iyo, H. Eisaki, A. B. Vorontsov, T. Shibauchi, Y. Matsuda
To gain insight into the unconventional superconductivity of Fe-pnictides with no electron pockets, we measure the thermal conductivity $\kappa$ and penetration depth $\lambda$ in the heavily hole-doped regime of Ba$_{1-x}$K$_x$Fe$_2$As$_2$. The residual thermal conductivity $(\kappa/T)_{T \rightarrow 0\,{\rm K}}$ and $T$-dependence of $\lambda$ consistently indicate the fully gapped superconductivity at $x=0.76$ and the (line) nodal superconductivity at higher hole concentrations. The magnitudes of $\frac{\kappa}{T}\cdot T_c|_{T \rightarrow 0\,{\rm K}}$ and $\frac{d\lambda}{d(T/T_c)}$ at low temperatures, both of which are determined by the properties of the low-energy excitations, exhibit a highly unusual non-monotonic x-dependence. These results indicate a dramatic change of the nodal characteristics in a narrow doping range, suggesting a doping crossover of the gap function between the s-wave states with and without sign reversal between $\Gamma$-centered hole pockets.
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